Weather pains: what is meteoropathy are?

This article will help you study in more detail meteoropathy (weather pains), how it affects people, its symptoms, as well as methods of prevention and treatment
Contents:

  1. Intro
  2. What is the weather pains are
  3. History of meteoropathy
  4. Symptoms of meteoropathy
  5. Reasons for the manifestation of meteoropathy
  6. When meteoropathy appears
  7. How to prevent weather pains
  8. Conclusion
Contents
The information provided in this article does not replace a personal visit to the doctor! If you feel that your body is responding to changes in the weather - consult a qualified medical specialist!
The clear sky was covered with dark clouds, a cold wind blew, and rain fell.

For many people, this is just an excuse not to go for another walk, but for meteorological people, such weather changes are real hell! Blood pressure rises, head hurts, drowsiness, and hands tremble.

Disputes about it continue to this day, but it is known for sure that meteorological dependence is not a disease. Some experts even consider it to be self-hypnosis and do not see the relationship between changes in weather conditions and a deterioration in well-being. Others are conducting entire scientific studies confirming this relationship.

What is meteorological dependence, and can we fight it? Let's figure it out!

What is the weather pains are

Definition
Weather pains (weather sensitivity or meteoropathy) – is a painful reaction of the human body to changes in the weather, caused by a violation of its adaptation to such changes due to congenital or acquired diseases
Yes, the human body is able to adapt to any weather! With heat or cold, snow or rain, solar flares or precipitation, all over the world changes in atmospheric pressure, geomagnetic activity, humidity, and other meteorological factors that can affect health.

It has been established that in meteo sensitive people, the heartbeat may increase or decrease, the blood pressure changes, as a result of which the brain receives less oxygen, which causes headaches, weakness, apathy, and other unpleasant sensations.

Bones and joints often begin to ache, especially in places of bone fractures, scars, or other skin injuries. The reason is again in the weather - skin, and bones, changing by fractions of a percent, also adapt to changes in ambient humidity. In places of fractures or injuries, there is an altered tissue/bone structure, therefore they are most sensitive to changes.

All these are side symptoms of your body's attempts to adapt to changing weather conditions.

History of meteoropathy

Many people think that weather pains is a problem of modern people living in times of bad ecology, physical inactivity and constant stress, but this is not so! Around 400 BC, people already noticed the connection between poor health and the vagaries of the weather.
So even the ancient Greek physician and philosopher Hippocrates mentioned the symptoms of meteosensitivity in his scientific works, and urged local healers "To be especially careful when the weather changes, during this period to avoid bloodletting, cauterization and not to take a scalpel."

Also, some works on the bioclimatology of the ancient Greek physician Diocles have survived to our times, who divided the year into six periods, and gave recommendations to his patients about some changes in the lifestyle in each of them.

The ancient Germans noted that joints and muscles ache more often in wet cold weather, and called such pains "weather", and Tibetan healers even associated any ailment with changes in the weather.

Later scientific studies also note that the strength and direction of the wind and the constant movement of atmospheric fronts can affect the general well-being of a person.
Scientific research of weather pains

An updated list of scientific and medical research in the field of weather pains (meteoropathy)

Who is susceptible to weather pains

Most often, noticeable discomfort appears in people who have any congenital or acquired diseases. Usually, these are problems with the circulatory system, blood vessels, and heart, including those arising from stress and an inactive lifestyle.

This people also susceptible:
  • who has respiratory diseases and asthmatics;
  • people with atherosclerosis;
  • people with disorders of the nervous system.
The body of these people is weakened, which means it spends more energy on adaptation. The result is negative physical and other sensations that appear during sudden changes in the weather or on the eve of these changes.

Also, the weather pains appears against the background of vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD), an unbalanced type of the nervous system, any chronic diseases or suffered physical injuries.

There are up to 35% of the world's population dependent on weather changes, and even about 70% of people with any cardiovascular diseases.

It is known that many historical figures, including Napoleon, Mozart, Leonardo da Vinci, Byron, Columbus, suffered from meteoropathy. The largest poet, statesman, and thinker, Goethe, in his scientific work "The Experience of Studying the Weather" noted that at high values of the barometer, work is given to him much easier than at low values.

Symptoms of meteoropathy

Usually, meteorological people feel variable (changeable, unstable) symptoms with the same pattern of manifestations, which can be conditionally divided into five main types:

  • Cerebral - cephalalgia (headaches), dizziness, ringing in the ears, noise in the head, darkening of the eyes.
  • Cardiac - palpitations, shortness of breath, discomfort and heaviness in the region of the heart
  • Mixed - heart and brain symptoms combined
  • Asthenoneurotic - nervousness, irritability, sleeplessness at night, sleepiness during the day, surges in blood pressure, depressed and anxious mood
  • Uncertain - arthralgia (joint pain), myalgia (muscle pain) without clear localization, feeling unwell
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, the stages of pathologies can be conditionally divided into three stages:

  1. Mild - the malaise is almost imperceptible, the mood may change inexplicably
  2. Medium - you noticeably feel unwell - blood pressure changes, heart rate increases, shortness of breath appears
  3. Severe - expressed in the limitation of certain body functions, dizziness, indigestion, migraine, exacerbation of chronic diseases
It should be noted that most all-weather changes affect the well-being of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases - with a sharp change in weather, strong vasospasm can occur, which can lead to not only a hypertensive crisis, but even myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke.

According to statistics, on the days of the passage of cyclones, the number of patients with myocardial infarction doubles!

Important! Most often, with the complications described above, emergency medical care is required to avoid more serious consequences, including death.
Let's analyze the main symptoms of weather pains in more detail:

Headache. One of the most common manifestations in meteo sensivity people of all ages most often occurs before a sharp change in the weather - its deterioration, or, conversely, when a bright sun appears.

It is caused by vasospasm, which does not have time to rebuild under a sudden change in the weather or congestion in the veins of the brain. Most often, the pain is localized in the back of the head or in the temples and may be accompanied by dizziness and nausea.

Arterial hypertension most often manifests itself in the elderly or people with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system during an anticyclone, or, in other words, with an increase in atmospheric pressure.

Especially strong jumps in blood pressure are observed when the anticyclone is accompanied by a cold snap, since an increase in humidity, combined with strong gusts of wind, can cause hypothermia of the body due to the excitation of a special section of the central nervous system. As a result, there is a sharp narrowing of the vessels of the face and limbs, which can lead to an increase in blood pressure.

Pain and aches in muscles and joints often appear with surges in atmospheric pressure in older people who are overweight or have any previous injuries. Fluctuations in atmospheric pressure cause a change in pressure in the joint (the joints are filled with synovial fluid), as well as irritation of the nerve endings of the cartilage tissue and receptors - it is because of this that pain, burning, and discomfort in the joints appear.

If such sensations appear during a change in the weather, then this is a clear sign that degenerative processes begin in the cartilaginous tissue of the joints, and this can be a symptom of a number of serious diseases, such as:

  • arthrosis - dystrophy and degeneration of articular surfaces and cartilage damage. It manifests itself in crunching, pain, limitation of limb mobility - contracture (muscle contractions), which can lead to shortening of the leg or arm;
  • arthritis - inflammatory lesions of the joints of various origins. It manifests itself in general malaise, intensifying in the second half of the night and in the morning, local hypothermia, swelling, a feeling of stiffness and limitation of joint mobility;
  • sciatica - inflammation and compression of the roots of the spinal nerves. It manifests itself in pain along the affected nerve roots and the nerves formed from them, impaired sensitivity, sometimes in movement disorders;
  • osteochondrosis is a disease of the spine, in which the intervertebral discs, and then the bodies of the vertebrae themselves, joints and ligaments, lose the ability to function normally.
Important! Symptoms of meteorological dependence can manifest themselves along with vascular diseases, heart and spine diseases. This symptom cannot be ignored - you need to consult a doctor for a more accurate diagnosis and selection of the necessary treatment regimen!

Drowsiness, weakness, dizziness most often appear before the rain, since at this time the atmospheric pressure decreases and the oxygen content in the air decrease - feeling this shortage, the body tries to save energy. Usually, these symptoms go away quickly, since the body is able to quickly adapt to such changes in the atmosphere.

Apathy, negative mood, aggressiveness during weather jumps most often manifest themselves in people with high receptor sensitivity. This condition, in which during sharp weather surges, the mental state fails in overly impressionable people, is officially recognized as one of the types of neurotic disorders and is called meteoneurosis.

It should be noted that, to a greater extent, the deterioration of well-being occurs not so much because of the vagaries of the weather themselves, but because of a psychological factor, such as catastrophization of thinking.

In other words, a person inclined to this type of thinking, imagining the outcome of an event, as a rule, sees it in an unfavorable light and his health and mood begin to depend on the weather outside the window.

Reasons of weather pains

The nerve receptors of the human body can be compared to antennas capable of picking up any changes in weather conditions.

These receptors transmit signals to the brain and the vegetative-vascular system, which temporarily puts other body systems on alert and instructs them to adapt to changes in the surrounding weather.
For example, atmospheric pressure causes a reaction from human blood vessels, which can expand or, conversely, narrow, which can negatively affect blood circulation in the body, in particular, oxygen supply to the brain.

Thus, the brain does not receive energy for normal functioning. Hence the headaches, dizziness, weakness, apathy, and depressed mood.

A weak body is vulnerable to other pains as well. In some people, digestion is upset, someone sees dots in front of their eyes, and others feel pain at the sites of fractures.

There is also an explanation for pain in the bone fracture sites. This happens for one simple reason - after a fracture, the structure of the bones changes, and when the humidity or atmospheric pressure changes, the body tries to adapt to these changes by slightly curving all the bones. Since the fracture sites are denser and less flexible, this is why aching pain appears in these places.

Well, and relatively healthy people, whose body adaptation mechanisms work well, most often do not react at all to any whims of the weather or experience very insignificant sensations.
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Of course, our body reacts to changes in the weather. Our bones and joints act like "balloons" - they contract in response to high barometric pressure and expand when atmospheric pressure is low
Doc. Win Chang, FAAOS ShoulderSphere

When and why weather pains appears

The meteo sensivity is most clearly manifested during periods of atmospheric pressure drops. Human blood vessels contain baroreceptors - a special type of nerve endings that respond to fluctuations in atmospheric pressure and send signals to the brain that blood pressure needs to be regulated due to these changes.

In people with cardiovascular diseases or arthritis, this mechanism is often disrupted, and therefore, there are sharp surges in blood pressure, accompanied by dizziness, irregular heart rhythms, and severe joint pain.

Changes in geomagnetic activity can affect the quality of blood - high solar and geomagnetic activity contributes to an increase in blood viscosity, a lower one - to its liquefaction.

Thicker blood moves more heavily through the vessels, as a result of which blood pressure increases, and there is a risk of blood clots and oxygen starvation of internal organs.

Excessively liquid blood is dangerous for the development of bleeding, especially if there are problems with the tone of the walls of blood vessels.

Humidity changes. Changes in air humidity adversely affect people with chronic respiratory diseases.

High air humidity increases the risk of tissue edema, asthma attacks, and bronchospasm. Low humidity creates a fertile ground for the attachment of acute respiratory infection - thick, viscous, difficult-to-separate phlegm forms in the bronchi, which accumulates pathogens.

Humidity also affects people with fractures or injuries of the limbs, who begin to ache (pain from aching to cutting, depending on the time after the injury) due to changes in the structure of tissue or bone caused by this very moisture.

Changes in air temperature. Fluctuations in the average daily temperature in the range of 8 - 10 degrees can provoke a sharp release of histamine - the main "activator" of allergic reactions.

With a sharp increase in temperature, the oxygen content in the air decreases significantly, which can cause general malaise and severe drowsiness and lethargy, and low temperatures can provoke an exacerbation of infectious and inflammatory processes.

Diagnostics of weather pains

Since weather pains most often manifest themselves in people with chronic diseases, but are not a disease itself, there is no specific treatment for it. Most often, therapy is carried out in relation to existing diseases to achieve stable remission and prevent complications.
For the initial diagnosis and treatment, first of all, it is necessary to consult a therapist. In the future, depending on the nature of the manifestations of weather pains, the doctor may involve specialists - a cardiologist, a neurologist, etc. All surveys pursue the health status of various meteorological systems, using research methods "weak" points.

Treatment of weather pain

Due to the peculiarities of this syndrome, treatment for weather pain comes down to visiting a doctor and a thorough study of the existing and acquired diseases of the patient's body: disorders of the cardiovascular system, nervous diseases, injuries or other symptoms that are aggravated by changes in the weather.

Timely diagnosis and treatment of each symptom individually (or in combination, as the doctor decides) normalizes the body and its organs, which allows it to more easily and quickly adapt to weather changes, spending less energy on it and not provoking the very painful sensations.

At the same time, an important part of the treatment for meteoropathy consists of its prevention.

The main ways to prevent weather pain

Prevention of weather pain is associated with adherence to a number of simple recommendations that doctors have been sharing for hundreds of years (but which most people deliberately ignore).

Follow a healthy lifestyle:

  • Engage in flexibility exercises throughout the day. This will allow your blood vessels and muscles to be in shape, and blood to circulate better throughout the body.
  • Sleep for at least 7-8 hours. Healthy sleep is the key to a healthy brain.
  • Consume liquids at least 1.5 liters per day. Water is essential for the normal functioning of the WHOLE organism. Try to drink no more than 1-2 cups of coffee a day and, of course, minimize the use of any alcohol.
  • Eat right. Food gives energy to every cell in our body. Pay attention to the composition of the food you eat every day, try to maintain a diet rich in natural vitamins and components, and not substitutes and preservatives.
  • Observe the diet, exclude fatty protein foods, fried, smoked, and spicy foods, semi-finished products, adding more foods containing vitamin E and omega acids, such as walnuts, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, bell peppers, salmon, cod, tuna.
Give up bad habits. Understand a simple thing - your body is ALREADY susceptible to negative factors in the form of bad ecology and stress every day, which slowly but harm it. He spends on this strength and energy, which with age becomes less and less. Adding to this smoking, alcohol and other bad habits will only speed up the moment when your body says "I'm finally tired."

Minimize the adverse effects of weather factors on your body. Stay at home in bad weather whenever possible, do not burden yourself with serious tasks on such days, keep your legs and neck warm, avoid cold winds, etc.
Do self-massage, which will help improve blood circulation and increase the body's resistance and alleviate weather pains:

  1. Take a comfortable, relaxed position, sitting or lying down, massaging one hand with the other, knead them, then press on opposite sides of the palm, squeeze firmly and then relax your fingers, rub your hands from all sides. Session time: 3-5 minutes.
  2. Firmly grasp the left wrist with your right hand, press, move your hand from the wrist towards the elbow and shoulder, then do the same in the opposite direction. Repeat the exercise 10-12 times with each hand.
  3. Clasp your forehead with your fingers, lightly pressing, massage in wave-like and circular motions down to the chin, bypassing the nose, then massage from the bottom up to the ears and back of the head. Session time - 3 - 5 minutes.
  4. Place the right palm on the left side of the chest, pressing lightly, massage the body in a circular motion to the right thigh diagonally. Do the same with the other hand, from the right chest to the left thigh. Repeat the exercise, sitting or lying down, 9-10 times at a slow pace. Then, pinching slightly, knead the area of ​​the jugular cavity, which is saturated with arterial vessels that provide general blood flow. Massaging this zone helps with asthma, bronchitis, and acute respiratory infections caused by changes in weather or acclimatization.
  5. Place both hands on your right thigh, press your fingers tightly, as if clasping the leg, massage the skin and muscles towards the lower leg, then repeat the action in the opposite direction. Repeat the exercise 8-10 times. Then do the same with the left leg. This massage technique helps to increase joint mobility, normalize blood circulation in the tissues of the lower extremities, remove puffiness and improve well-being.
  6. With your legs slightly bent, place your hands on your kneecaps, make circular movements clockwise, then counterclockwise. If this exercise is performed correctly, the skin should turn slightly red. This self-massage technique helps relieve joint pain caused by changing weather. Session time: 3 - 5 minutes.
  7. Warm up your palms, wrap them around the back of the neck in the trapezium, lingering for 5 seconds, with stroking movements from the head to the shoulders, warm up the collar zone, then accelerate the pace and increase the pressure. Session time: 3 - 5 minutes.
  8. Fix the thumbs on the trapezius muscles, place the rest of the fingers on the neck. Use your thumbs on either side of the spine in a circular motion from the bottom up and back. With the ribs of your palms, lightly hit the trapezoid, finish the exercise by stroking 5 - 7 times.
Also, for the treatment of meteo sensitivity, stimulation of biologically active points that are located on the auricles is quite effective:

  1. Cover your ears with your palms so that your fingers are on the back of your head, press on your ears with your palms, while tapping your fingers on the back of your head, then increase the pressure on your ears, while pressing your fingertips on the back of your head. This self-massage technique helps with a breakdown, impaired attention and increased irritability.
  2. Gently (simultaneously or alternately) knead and warm the auricles with your fingers - start at the edge of the ear, then slowly pull the lobes down and to the sides. Stimulation of these zones has a beneficial effect on the general tone of the body, helps to strengthen the immune system, and reduces the symptoms of weather pain.
  3. Use your fingers to massage the auricles in different directions until warmth begins to flow to them.
ATTENTION! After any massage session, avoid hypothermia, so as not to catch a cold, and not reduce the effectiveness of the procedure!

Conclusion

As you can see, with the proper approach, weather pains can be taken under control and lived with them, gradually getting rid of the symptoms and diseases that are the source of all unpleasant sensations during the changing weather.

Generally speaking, and no matter how trite it may sound, then lead a healthy lifestyle! Millions of doctors around the world advise to temper, do morning exercises, get enough sleep, eat right and give up bad habits, but only a few people really follow these simple recommendations, forgetting that everything ingenious is simple!

And we remind you that if your body reacts sharply to weather changes, then be sure to consult a doctor who will select a competent therapy aimed at treating existing diseases in order to avoid their transition to chronic forms. And may your mood and well-being be excellent in any weather!